Inthe company set up a chemicals division which manufactured ethylene glycol for use as automotive antifreeze.
Shrouded in the night and tempered by the chaos of panic, they were blindly running for their lives—while each breath they gasped brought them closer to death. As clouds of gas filtered in through the cracks of their shanties, hundreds began to die in the worst industrial disaster in human history.
The population of Bhopal is still reeling from that accident 31 years later. One of the largest of these was called Jaiprakash Nagar, or J.
Nagar, and it was also the closest to the factory grounds. The factory was doomed from the start. However, that did not mean Union Carbide had removed the toxic chemicals used in the production of its pesticides.
Inside the factory, men such as Nadir Khan worked with dozens of chemicals he never knew the names of many of them that would be mixed to help create the pesticides Sevin and Temik.
Tanks of Chemicals One such chemical, stored in three 57,liter stainless steel tanks half buried on the property, was MIC, or methyl isocyanate—a highly volatile chemical that reacts with water and is incredibly toxic.
It is a colorless, lachrymatory tearingflammable liquid. At 5 ppm or less, it is odorless to most people, but at higher amounts, it has a sharp smell. Nadir Khan left the factory after his shift and strolled along the dirt streets of J.
Nagar in the near-total blackness of the night. In all, six separate safety measures to protect Bhopal from MIC were left to rot. Looming Disaster Assistant stationmaster Madan Gopal Parashar sat in his cabin a few blocks to the south at the Bhopal train station.
He was awaiting the Kushinagar Express that was due to arrive soon. It would be packed with passengers, as usual, on the hour ride between Mumbai and Gorakhpur.
At the Union Carbide plant, a control room operator began to notice that the pressure in tank was rising steadily from a normal 2 psi to 10 psi within an hour. A psi reading of 10 was not, itself, cause for alarm; but it had tripled so quickly.
Finally, the psi topped at a reading of 55, which caused the technicians to run for the tank to ameliorate the situation manually. But it was too late. A strong southern wind blew through the bustee, easily penetrating the shanties and hovels of the thousands of people who called the area home.
A white smoke was being carried south on the winds.Union Carbide, which shut down its Bhopal plant after the disaster, has failed to clean up the site completely, and the rusty, deserted complex continues to leak various poisonous substances into. On the night of December 2nd, , a Union Carbide plant in Bhopal, India, began leaking 27 tons of the deadly gas methyl isocyanate.
None of the six safety systems designed to contain such a leak were operational, allowing the gas to spread throughout the city of Bhopal .
Free Essay: Union Carbide 's Bhopal Disaster In , as if in a nightmare, a cloud of poison gas reached out and snuffed the lives of thousands of people in.
The Indian government sued Union Carbide in a civil case and settled in for $ million. Because of the great number of individuals affected by the disaster, most Bhopal victims received.
Union Carbide's Response Efforts To the Tragedy and the Settlement Print. Response Efforts. In the wake of the release, Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) provided immediate aid to the victims and attempted to set up a process to resolve their claims.
The GOI enacted the Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster Act in March , enabling the GOI to act as.
After the Bhopal disaster, Union Carbide was the subject of repeated takeover attempts. In order to pay off its debt, Carbide sold many of its most familiar brands such as .