Marx stressed capitalism and class conflict and Weber stressed rationalisation and bureaucracy. Marx and Weber identified problems within modern society. Marx had a generally optimistic view about the future and believed his theory could improve human conditions.
According to Marx, laws have been designed to serve the interests of capitalism and the ruling class of capitalists. They are able to oppress the working class with the help of the laws which exist in the society. Every single law which regulates the relations in the society is created in order to further increase the gap between the ruling class and the working class.
Working people get poorer and poorer the more they produce because capitalists take the surplus value which they create. Laws let capitalists obtain the profits which are originated by companies. Even though working people would probably like to change the law and be capable to benefit from the results of their own work, they are not able to do that because they do not have enough power.
As the positivist approach argues, capitalists have their own subjective perceptions of the society and thus the laws are being used in order to put their subjective views on the paper. Capitalists have their views on the ways in which they would like to see the world they live in.
They do their best to ensure that the laws are adopted to regulate the society according to the most favorable pattern for them. According to it, law also serves the interests of capitalists but it appears as the result of the objective process. Capitalists dominate in the society and therefore the trends in legislation which serve their interests are fully objective.
It is understandable that legislation needs to reflect the interests of the ruling class, and therefore this process is fully objective. Max Weber has very different views on law, in comparison with Marx. According to Weber, law does not reflect subjective interests of the capitalist class or objective characteristics of capitalist society.
There is no class which determines the features of the legislation. All of the people in the society are parts of the same machine which functions only when all of the parts are in order. As Weber states, modern society is what actually determines the law ruling in the society.
In the modern society, bureaucracy determines all of the elements of regulation. Modern organizations are all characterized by bureaucracy. It is present on all levels of the organizations. In bureaucratic organizations decisions are made by the management and forwarded to the employees on lower level.
All of the people working for such organizations are similar to parts of a peculiar machine. They need to fulfill certain functions and certain responsibilities, without which the whole machine will fall apart. Employees are generally unable to make decisions on their own because they mostly have to follow the instructions of management.
Creativity is not encouraged and empowerment of employees is prohibited. All of the bureaucratic organizations function according to a peculiar system of law which is common for all of the organizations of a kind. All of the decisions made in companies are fully rational.Emile Durkheim was a French sociologist.
He formally established the academic discipline and, with Karl Marx and Max Weber, is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science and father of . Essay about Differences Between Max Weber, Karl Marx, and Emile Durkheim of sociology, there were three men whose observations left the greatest impact.
These famously known theorists are Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx. Max Weber – Theory Of Entrepreneurship Weber was a German () sociologist and philosopher who had many different interests, including religion and various aspects of bureaucracy. He, along with Durkheim and Marx,made some significant changes to the way in which we discuss social theories and social roles, with his new ideas.
Emile Durkheim and Max Weber Comparison Essay example - Emile Durkheim and Max Weber both appealed to me in the reading of chapter 1.
They both have similarities and differences on their approaches to sociology. These famously known theorists are Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx. Each studied and viewed social behavior in a way they believed was the way it should be viewed.
They developed theories, created influential pieces of writings, taught how to look at society in . Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber all offer a wide array of thoughts and ideas regarding to religion. Firstly, Emile Durkheim's views of religion will be explained.
Durkheim chose to adopt the idea that if religion gave birth to everything essential in society it is because society is the soul of religion (Cosman, , p.