Republic of Cuba Orientation Identification. Christopher Columbus landed on the island in and named it Juana after Prince Juan, the heir apparent to the throne of Castille. The island lies about ninety miles south of the Florida Keys. The area of the country is 48, square milessquare kilometers.
Posted on December 3, by Scott Alexander I. Ezra Klein uses my analysis of race and justice as a starting point to offer a thoughtful and intelligent discussion of what exactly it means to control for something in a study.
If blacks on average have lower incomes, then in the real world blacks might still be arrested much more. The solution is terminological rigor, which I foolishly forgot to have. Klein wants to know whether there is any factor at all that causes disproportionate impact of the criminal justice system on any race.
By this definition, my conclusions are only a tiny part of the picture, although at the end I recommend the book Malign Neglect which provides much of the rest.
What I think we do disagree about is the terminology.
Consider a town with black people and white people. We can do the calculations and determine that the black arrest rate will be 8. The people in the town can do the calculations as well. They correctly observe that in their town, everyone commits crimes at the same rate, so there must be some bias in their system.
The problem is, upon learning that your criminal justice system is racist, what solutions come to mind? The ones I think of include things like increasing the diversity of the officer pool, sending police to diversity training, ferreting out racist attitudes and comments among members of the force, urging officers to consume media that is more positive towards black people, et cetera.
But all of these are unrelated to the problem and will accomplish nothing. We specified the decision algorithm these officers use, and we know it has nothing to do with race and everything to do with class.
Note that this is true even if the poverty is caused by racism. Suppose the town college unfairly admits whites and turns down blacks, which is why the white people in this town are so much richer. But if the natural reaction to hearing the phrase is to solve the problem by attaching hundreds of helium balloons to black people, then say something less misleading.
Klein goes on to say: As my colleague Matt Yglesias wrote, the commonly cited statistic that American women suffer from a 23 percent wage gap through which they make just 77 cents for every dollar a man earns is much too simplistic. On the other hand, the frequently heard conservative counterargument that we should subject this raw wage gap to a massive list of statistical controls until it nearly vanishes is an enormous oversimplification in the opposite direction.
After all, for many purposes gender is itself a standard demographic control to add to studies — and when you control for gender the wage gap disappears entirely!
Take hours worked, which is a standard control in some of the more sophisticated wage gap studies.
Women tend to work fewer hours than men. If you control for hours worked, then some of the gender wage gap vanishes. Women work shorter hours because as a society we hold women to a higher standard of housekeeping, and because they tend to be assigned the bulk of childcare responsibilities.
The American Association of University Women urges companies to conduct salary audits to proactively monitor and address gender-based pay differences.
With a new executive order issued today, President Obama and Democrats are hoping to peg the gender wage gap as a major issue ahead of the elections.
It might be worthwhile to come at this from an ideologically opposite angle. It sounds like a big problem. So you dig through mountains of data, and you figure out that most feminist professors tend to be in subjects like the humanities, where twice as many students are female as male, and so naturally twice as many of the As go to women as men.The gap of wealth between Blacks and Whites has been prevalent for centuries.
The past events and laws have contributed to the current racial inequalities. Slavery and segregation, housing sales and restrictions, and state-funded welfare all add to the current state of discriminations and imbalances of race in our communities. 🔥Citing and more!
Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes.
It is my assertion that the publishers of the October 1, Watchtower, a Jehovah's Witness journal, blatantly misrepresented statements from at least five well-known secular sources in an attempt to discourage their readers from pursuing higher education.
While a religious journal may choose not to use secular sources for instructional purposes, if the journal's editor allows its writers to.
I think there’s an important part of Ezra Klein’s piece that you’re not addressing. Specifically this: In other words, we police black communities more heavily and we are more aggressive about enforcing drug laws against drugs that black people use more frequently.
Discrimination Against Women in the Workplace - Although some of the worst employment discrimination was eliminated by the Civil Rights Act in , many women continue to undergo unfair and unlawful discrimination in the workplace.
There’s no denying political climate change. The past 18 months have seen an enormous swing in the Washington power balance, a shift that has heightened the polarization that has characterized our public life for more than a decade now.