Guidance and a recommended methodology, to take account of the UK's new fire safety regimes. The Publicly Available Specification PAS gives a nine-step structured approach and corresponding documentation for carrying out and documenting significant findings of fire risk assessments in buildings.
History[ edit ] Wraparound was initially developed in the s as a means for maintaining youth with the most serious emotional and behavioral problems in their home and community. In recent years, however, it has been applied within many child-serving settings as a way to improve outcomes for children and adolescents with Home based childcare risk assessment emotional disturbance, autism spectrum disorders and behavioral disorders.
For example, it has been used as a means to facilitate permanency outcomes for youth involved in the child welfare system, to reduce recidivism for youths involved in the juvenile justice systemand to improve academic success for youths in the special educational system.
During the wraparound process, a team of individuals who are relevant to the well-being of the child or youth e.
Plan components and strategies are revised when outcomes are not being achieved. Wraparound has been implemented nationally for over 20 years and presented as a promising practice in many publications.
However, specification and consistent implementation of the model has occurred only in the past few years. In some states, wraparound refers to in-home behavioral support services.
The wraparound process, however, as recently specified, is conceived of a four phase process: Wraparound plans and wraparound teams require access to flexible resources and a well-developed array of services and supports in the community.
As a result, wraparound implementation requires that the child-serving system is supportive of wraparound. Some of the key types of community and system supports include: Key stakeholder groups, including agencies, providers, and representatives of youths and families have joined together in a collaborative effort to plan and implement wraparound.
Stakeholders involved in the wraparound effort take concrete steps to translate the wraparound philosophy into concrete policies, practices and achievements. The community has developed fiscal strategies to support the wraparound effort and to better meet the needs of children and youth participating in the wraparound effort Access to needed supports and services: The community has developed mechanisms for ensuring access to the services and supports that wraparound teams need to fully implement their plans.
Human Resource Development and Support: The system supports wraparound staff and partner agency staff to work in a manner that allows full implementation of the wraparound model. The community has implemented mechanisms to monitor wraparound fidelity, service quality, and outcomes, and to oversee the quality and development of the overall wraparound effort.
In addition to system supports, the wraparound process requires skilled facilitators and family support partners who have the right working conditions to do their jobs.
These services are provided to the child and the family in non-clinical, community settings such as the home, school, or a community setting. Behavioral specialist consulting A specialized service provided by a master's-level clinician trained in behavior strategies.
The consultant works with the family, school, and others to develop a behavioral modification plan specific to each child. Support staff are supervised by the BSC. Psychological evaluations Psychological testing service provides a comprehensive assessment of intellectual and personality functioning as an adjunct to treatment or to assist in making a differential diagnostic and treatment plan.
Assessment includes but is not limited to personality, intelligence, developmental, vocational, disability and bariatric testing.
Program evaluation and evidence for effectiveness[ edit ] The wraparound process has been implemented widely across the United States and internationally because of the documentation of its successful use in several communities, its alignment with the value base for systems of care, and its resonance with families and family advocates.
However, the formal wraparound research base has been slow to develop because of several reasons: At the same time, the research base on wraparound continues to expand and evolve: To date, positive results have been found from three published experimental studies, six published quasi-experimental studies, and numerous pre-post longitudinal studies.
Since the wraparound practice model has been more fully specified, four random assignment control studies have been begun in four different locations, all with a consistent practice model and training and coaching model. Fidelity measures aligned with the wraparound model described above are also now available and in use in all the above studies.
A summary table of published wraparound evaluation studies is provided at the end of this entry. Resources[ edit ] The wraparound process is not proprietary.
The website of the National Wraparound Initiative includes a description of the practice model, as well as many implementation resources compiled from trainers, technical assistance providers, and program sites nationally.Simple Steps to Protect Your Family from Lead Hazards If you think your home has lead-based paint: • Don’t try to remove lead-based paint yourself.
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Guidance about completing a fire safety risk assessment for people responsible for educational premises.